Nuclear energy in Iran

Kian Petroleum Company is an international specialized petrochemical company producing various petroleum products such as nuclear technology

nuclear technology

Iran plans to generate 23,000 MW of electricity through nuclear technology to meet its increasing demand for energy. The first of four 915 MW reactors of Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant, built with help from Russia, came online in August 2010 after numerous delays and Iran’s indigenously designed Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant is scheduled to come online in 2016. Overall, Iran remains a net exporter of electricity and exchanges electrical power with all its land neighbors. While nuclear power in the US costs a little over 10 cents per kilowatt hour, Iran, with domestic uranium enrichment capabilities, high interest rates, low energy output (a single 1,000-watt reactor) , low efficiency, extremely slow reactor construction, and no reprocessing pays around 68 cents per kilowatt hour this assumes a price of $140 per separative working unit and of $40 per kilogram of uranium

Hydro

Hydropower makes up 10,000 megawatts or 14% of Iran’s overall energy mix (2015). Iran is able to build its water turbines domestically

Biofuel

In 2016, the Iranian Biofuel Society (IBS) in collaboration with the Vice Presidency for Science of Technology and Tehran and the Suburbs Bus Company executed the first urban pilot project for the consumption of waste cooking oil biodiesel in Tehran`s bus fleet in an attempt to generate public awareness regarding Global Climate Change, wherein they recommend “reducing net anthropogenic CO2 emissions to the atmosphere” and “minimizing anthropogenic disturbances of ” atmospheric gasses by partial replacement of fossil fuels with waste-oriented biofuels.The program was also supported by Small Grant Programme , Global Environmental Facility, United Nation Development Program (SGP/GEF/UNDP) Office in Iran

Solar

Iran’s unique geographical position means 90% of the country has enough sun to generate solar power 300 days a year. According to PressTV Iran has 520 watts per hour per square meter of solar radiation every day.[clarification needed] Other sources give an average of 2,200 kilowatt-hour solar radiation per square meter annually. Solar power reached 53 MW in 2005 and 67 MW in 2011

Wind

Iran has the potential to generate 20 to 30 GW of wind energy. That is half of the total energy consumption needs of the country. As at 2012 Iran had 163 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 92,470 kW. Sadid Industrial Group is a well known domestic manufacturer in this field. India’s Sulzon Energy and Germany’s Siemens are also potential providers of wind turbines to Iran

Geothermal

Iran has the potential to become the 9th largest geothermal energy producer. According to global tectonics Iran is impacted by subduction of the Arabian Plate under the Central Iranian Plate and four thrust faults: two that make the Southern Caspian Sea Depression and two in the north of Iran, part of the Caucasian Range. Mt. Sabalan and Mt. Sahand are two Quaternary Volcanos in the area. Sabalan is a large stratovolcano consisting of 3 summits named Soltan (4811), Heram (4612m) and Kasra (4573m). The stratovolcano is situated on a possible horst trending northeast-southwest and erupted at latest in the Holocene. Caldera collapsing has caused a depression about 400 m in height and 12 km in diameter. The lava flows consists of trachyandesite, andesite and dacite and pyroclastic deposits. There are 9 hot springs with a temperature in the range of 25-85 °C

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